What is the jewelry and how it came? To this question no one can answer unequivocally. Perhaps the jewelry as a banal imitation jewelry, has been the century, if not millennia.
It is believed that the first Egyptians began to adorn themselves.
The most common ornament of the Egyptians
were carved out of stone amulets in the form of various heart and eyes,
as well as beads. They made them out of the soft rock of stone, and then from these gems.
It also reached a huge fashion for the gems of the Romans and Greeks. For example, the wife of Caligula simply come to visit, wearing over a few pounds of gemstones. Yes, and Caligula wore a lot of jewelry, precious stones adorning clothing and shoes. Even his horse ate oats from the manger of gold.
Madcap Caesar Nero ordered to marry the theater of Pompey, and his palace roofs of sheet gold.
In all the museums of the world jewelry store of base metals and stones, created in the very distant past. Thus, in the Cairo museum has a statue of Nofret with a necklace of colored stones found during excavations of burial in ancient Egypt (2700-2500 BC).
Painted Statue Nofret
The ancient kingdom.
During the excavations the tomb of King Meskalamduga Sumerians, who lived in 2500 BC, were found beads and pendants of colored precious stones.
In a word already in ancient Egypt, ancient Greece and Rome, sought to replace the rare and precious precious stones are readily available and cheaper substitutes.
In the Renaissance, the craft has become a tool of deception fraud and illegal profits. And it is the time for rich people became ashamed to wear jewelry from cheap metals with precious stones, even if they were skillfully executed. Since ancient times, jewelry made of precious materials and the cost they are always expensive. Jewelry was the subject of lust and envy, so very guarded. Next to the genuine treasures of precious metals and stones appeared fakes (often up), not only to gratify the vanity of those whose ambitions exceeded the available opportunities, but also for the blind. The originals were kept in the cache - substitutes shone in her ears, fingers and necks of beautiful women.
Production of counterfeit does not always was intended to cheat. For example, in the eighteenth century, crystals - Crystal Diamond Cut - were fashionable in themselves: they were decorated with buckle shoes, embroidered jackets, are made the buttons on jackets. Nobody, of course, hoping that this will be a scattering of glittering stones for real. Fabrication of counterfeit jewelry marked the beginning of that branch of jewelry that we are now, as opposed to genuine jewelry jewelry called "jewelry." In the XVIII century, the great jeweler George Frederic Strass (his name is now known as imitation precious stones - "crystals") was able to forge diamonds, and, despite the subtlety and beauty of his fakes, he stayed in the history of an adventurer, a hoaxer.
Since time immemorial, people began to pierce his ears and decorate them with different objects. Fashion wear earrings in their ears came to Russia from the Normans. Prince Svyatoslav worn in one ear gold ring, adorned with two pearls and a ruby. Approximately up to the XVII century earrings worn by men and women. These days, the men began to wear earrings again. But it turns out that this mod has many hundreds of years. Previously, men wore earrings, not only in the East, where it was common attribute decoration dress shahs and rajahs. In Europe, many aristocrats and inserted into the ear earring. Do not do without earrings and elegant Henry of Navarre - King of France, husband of the infamous Queen Margot.
In ancient Russia bracelets called cryptic words "zarukavya" and "hoop." They were decorated with precious stones and pearls, was inserted into these gold chains. Great importance was attached fasteners bracelets, which are decorated with enamels. Bracelets are popular today. Evening dresses suggest a variety of bracelets. Today is also very popular bracelets for the feet, which is worn on the ankle.
Various necklaces of pearls, garnet necklace called in Russia.
Previously, necklaces made of drawn into complex patterns and rimmed in gold enamel. They were decorated with precious stones in the high crowns. Each pattern represented the jewelry itself and required skills from the master. It is clear that such products were available to rich people. Necklaces from jewelry available to everyone. They are made of light alloy, rhinestones and artificial stones. Have different shapes, texture and color, making it possible to decorate any costume.
Born from the fakes, jewelry for a long time, until the twenties of this century - before the revolution in fashion, the perfect "Great Mademoiselle" Coco Chanel continued to modestly cover their "plebeian", imitating the shape and range of "real" jewelry. Chanel gave the fashion jewelery, living past of "foreign passports", the right of citizenship. Jewellery with a light hand it has found its niche, has found its voice in the world of jewelry. Chanel changed the style to wear and match jewelry. The women in her dress, leaving the chamber atmosphere and living boudoirs, were businesslike and dynamic. It took them a versatile and elegant flashy things, by which even a small set of toilets (business suit, "the little black dress", blouse, sweater) gets personality, looks varied and can be easily transformed to the circumstances of time and place. Enlarge Chanel jewelry, deprived of their usual finesse of jewelry. Made of metal, "under the gold" and "a silver", its well-known chains as once and rhinestones, is not sought to deceive. But their sophisticated weaving, the combination of shiny and matte surfaces, flexible and round, large and small elements create a certain artistic image.
In the 20th century there have been changes in the global society, many of the stereotypes were erased, and thus there was jewelry. Be beautiful, wear jewelry very much wanted, and this desire was realized in the replacement of expensive jewelry costume jewelry. As a work of art, expensive and luxury goods, jewelery only came in the 20th century, thanks to trading house Swarovski. The desire of society to be beautiful, wear jewelry, was first noticed by Daniel Swarovski. Due to their foresight, he became the first manufacturer of a civilized fakes. Swarovski has made an imitation of precious stones in the original, legal, and demanded a very profitable occupation. Swarovski jewelry and eventually became a symbol of elegance, beauty and wealth, as once the jewelry. Moreover, Swarovski jewelry has become much more expensive than many jewels, and it already says that the jewelry items are seen as works of art.
Ceased to be precious, and jewelry, ornaments, made in large print runs, opened the area - massive jewelry. Today costume jewelry is responding to the stylistic diversity of, fibers, responding to different needs (and not only in accordance with the purse). It is finely adjustable to different life situations and challenges.
It creates jewelry "for the night" and day. A "full-time jewelry" section of the business, designed to suit the office, and a lighter, causing his whole appearance the image of a sunny day, holiday, holiday.
Jewellery - a great alternative jewelry made of precious metals and stones, it offers unlimited opportunities for women to look beautiful, fashionable, stylish and modern.
The French recognized as a trendsetter, believe that the female image forming parts. So it is not surprising that in the daily life of jewelery introduced in France. After all, imitation jewelery (Bijou - a French word and it means a decoration, but decoration is not unique, not heirlooms. Including the fake) - this is the highlight of which is capable of giving individuality to your appearance, tell us about your mood, dreams and preferences. Pierre Cardin has repeatedly said that a woman who wants to look elegant, just need a good costume jewelry. After all, expensive jewelry is not available to all, as opposed to jewelry. And then, the jewels are not able to fully satisfy the human desire for change and democratic jewelery may well meet the rapidly changing fashion trends. In addition, too many beautiful ladies, can not afford as many jewels as you want ...
So we have a different mood, we play in the lives of different social roles, in different ways to react to the world. And it is not surprising that with the change of mood, atmosphere, we like to change themselves. New haircut, new makeup, new clothes and, of course, jewelry - an excellent way to present to others surprises. Costume jewelry - jewelry for a woman whose motto - "spectacularity around!"